US regulators have demanded access to audit papers of US-listed Chinese companies for more than a decade, but Beijing has been reluctant to let US regulators inspect its accounting firms, citing national security concerns.
Alibaba, which went public in New York in 2014 in what was at the time the largest listing in history, is the most valuable Chinese firm listed in the United States with a market value of $248 billion as of Tuesday.
No Special Treatment
The PCAOB said on Friday that the watchdog had notified the selected companies, without naming them, and its officials are expected to land in Hong Kong, where the inspections will take place, by mid-September.
The regulator, which oversees audits of US-listed companies, would select companies based on risk factors, such as size and sector, and that no companies could expect special treatment.
It is not yet known how many and what other Chinese companies are in the first batch of US inspections.
Alibaba was founded in 1999 with e-commerce as its key business. It has expanded into fast-growing sectors such as cloud services and internet of things in recent years and also owns AutoNavi, a large Chinese digital mapping and navigation firm.
In July, Alibaba was added to the US Securities and Exchange Commission’s (SEC) list of Chinese companies that might be delisted if they did not comply with audit requirements.
The list now has more than 160 Chinese companies including JD.com, Yum China and and electric vehicle maker Nio.
Current US rules stipulate that Chinese companies that are not in compliance with audit working papers requests will be suspended from trading in the United States in early 2024.
Days before being added to the SEC’s delisting watchlist, Alibaba said it planned to add a primary listing in Hong Kong to its New York presence, targeting investors in mainland China.
Already present on the Hong Kong bourse with a secondary listing since 2019, the tech behemoth said it expects the primary listing to be completed by the end of 2022.
Yum China said in mid-August it had also applied for a primary listing in the city, as it looks to circumvent a risk of delisting from New York.
The company expects conversion from its current secondary listing status to primary to be completed in October, subject to shareholder approval.
- Reuters with additional editing by Jim Pollard